Islamabad: 8 April 2021: Pakistan and Russia are getting closer, and building ties. In past, they both committed a mistake of hostility towards each other whereas Pakistan has learnt the lesson that the USA is a neither near nor true friend. In the time of need, it did not arrive. Pakistan position in Asia is ideal whereas the neighbouring states make it more important for the western countries to keep Pakistan in its ambit. Russia trying to be a regional Hegemony and wanted to get access to the warm waters without creating hostilities with any state.
Russia considered Pakistan as an issue. Russian interests are in the Afghanistan and Central Asian states. Russia wants Pakistan to get a modern approach, in religion and stop religious banned organizations to operate in Pakistan. Both states are willing to stimulate the strategic relationship.
The USA does not like Russian influence in Islamabad, whereas Pakistan does not want to be the sole alloy of USAir wants diverse relations with regional powers. Pakistan is willing to see Russia and New Delhi each from a different lens.
Pakistan interest in Russian technology: Russian technology and their equipment are better than china, Pakistan is interested in buying those. If Russia involved in Karachi Lahore pipeline Pakistan may get commercial benefits. There are reports that Russia may join CASA 1000 project, providing electricity to Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Pakistan has importance in bringing peace to Afghanistan. It can play a significant role, moreover, Russia has also a large Muslim population in it.
Russian policy is hopeful that after the USA withdrawal it will play a significant role in the Afghanistan region and will be at the edge in regional matters.
Moreover, Pak Russian ties will counter the USA, Indian alliance in the region.
Ukraine issue isolated Russia in the international and regional arena, Russia is looking for new friends.
Islamabad and Moscow first time noticed each other in 2009 when Afghanistan, Pakistan, Russia and Tajikistan floated to promote regional security and economics. This quadrilateral idea held three meetings and did not take off due to the cancellation of Putin’s expected visit to Pakistan for the fourth meeting in 2012. President of Pakistan As if Ali Zadora had visited Russia in 2011 and Army Chief visited Moscow in 2012.
There were reciprocal visits continued by ministers and high-level officials of both countries. Russian defence minister Sergei Shogun visited Pakistan in 2014 for the last 45 years. During this visit both countries agreed on information exchange on politic-military issues; cooperation for promoting international security, counterterrorism and arms control actives; collaboration in various military fields and other areas of education, medicine, topography, hydrograph, cultural and experience sharing in peacemaking efforts were signed. In August 2015, Moscow agreed to provide a Mi-35Mhelicopter to Pakistan. Pakistan wished to buy 20 Mi-35Ms over the next year and got four helicopters in 2017.
Besides, both the countries enhanced military relations and joint military exercises were made between the two armies under the slogan of Druzhbha (a Russian word meaning friendship). Russian naval forces also participated in the Aman-17 international exercise in the Arabian Sea, hosted by Pakistan in 2017. Further, both countries agreed about coordination against terrorism and drug trafficking. Russia had already cooperated in outer-space exploration and helped in launching Pakistani telecommunication satellite Al-Badar in 2001. It also had refurbished the only Pakistani steel mill.
Indian tilt towers Israel, the USA for purchasing forced Russia to find a new market, and what could be a better market for scientific, military types of equipment than Pakistan?
Pakistan and Russia are in a 2 Billion dollar agreement, connecting Lahore and Karachi terminals and will use this project for 25 years.
Afghan instability created issues for Russia as well. Tashkent Declaration in 1966 and Pakistan steel mills was best ventured completed.
When president Pakistan visited 2002 Russia since then strategic stability, counterterrorism and inter-governmental Commission was established and meetings are continuing. Russia condemns NATO attack on salable check post, plus it supports Pakistan in blocking NATO supply. Russia encourages Pakistan to be part of SCO and be part of the Russian security mechanism.
The expectation of Pakistan with the USA was failed badly, Kashmir is still under Indian occupation, more power India is exercising than ever before. The USA failed to make Pakistan a moderate and stable economy, and the state rather radicalized it badly to the point where it is still recovering. Pakistan closeness with Russia does not mean that the USA will be completely off, the USA provide military aid and western powers must not surprise as the global political churn is changing and every state is thinking to open up. Russia will also have to deal with India on being close to Pakistan there might be a few projects which Russia will lose. Moreover, Russia will have to deal with New Delhi on other fronts as BRICS, RIC, SCO. There are chances that Russia will help in mediating the relations of India and Pakistan.