Hyderabad: 21 February 2022: Why liver is called one of the major organ?
The liver is the chief chemist of our body, it plays a major role in detoxification in the human body, it is an abdominal glandular organ in the digestive system. The liver is situated in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen under the diaphragm. This is one of the major 5 parts of the human body: Heart, brain, kidney, liver lungs. Liver weight is 1.4 kg the heaviest organ of the body. It supports all the other organs of the body to some extent. Its role is complex and vital. It maintains metabolism, detoxification, regulation of glycogen storage, hormone regulation, protein metabolism, digestion, and decomposition of the red blood cells, producing bile a chemical that helps in fats digestion.
Interaction of liver with another body organ:
The liver helps in excretion, it plays a role in excretion.
It supports Kidneys: the liver detoxifies many chemical poisons from the body.
The liver produces nitrogenous waste: ( NH3, Urea, Uric acid)The uric acid is made of nitrogen, and nitrogen is converted into urea and the nitrogen is present in the form of amino acids.
The liver plays a central role in all metabolic processes in the body.
The liver is responsible for internal body organs' temperature like fever.
The liver helps in metabolism: when the body lacks energy, the liver generates stored glucose and used it in the form of energy.
The liver is the one in all tool, it is like a factory working 24 /7, manufacturing hub, processing plant, It filter the body's blood, make it detoxify, filter harmful elements from the body to help the kidney in forming uric acid and urine.
Liver and blood: blood enters the liver from two sides 1 is the hepatic artery, which is directly from the heart and the second is the hepatic vein which brings blood from the intestine.
The liver itself has tiny internal processing plants called lobules. blood flows in the liver and delivers it the much-needed oxygen and enables it tol continue working. these lobules provide oxygen to the liver to breathe. the blood that enters in the liver from the hepatic portal vein contains many minerals, nutrients and vitamins, carbohydrates, and fats.
Here liver converts carbohydrates into sugar when needed. However it does not use whole sugar or energy, but save some part of it for a future need that is why it is called the energy bank.
The liver also contains some toxins, that are not helpful to the body, liver strictly monitors that and whisk it away to the kidney or large intestine for excretion.
Manufacturing: liver also plays role in manufacturing. A blood plasma protein that helps in transporting fatty acids, activates blood clotting, and makes vitamin D, and substances like bile that helps in digestion, bile is dropped into the intestine, it breaks down fats, destroys microbes, and neutralize extra stomach acid.